Faith and history: During the era of Amritsar, British India used to visit other important gurdwaras including Amritsar, Anandpur, Sultanpur, Batala and Derababa Nanak from outside in Punjab. Then it was taken as a pilgrimage not a tourism. Now tourism is developing in Punjab. Non-traditional areas are also open for tourism.
Punjab has now developed into a tourism hub. Tourism is developing rapidly in Punjab to witness the daily parade of security forces of the two countries at rural, historical, religious, cultural and border posts of Wagah and Hussainiwala.
Here, two tourist destinations of Indo-Pak border – Hussainiwala and Wagah border as well as Virasate Khalsa developed in Anandpur Sahib, Amritsar Sri Harimandir Sahib, Derababa Nanak, city settled by Guru Ramdas, Kapurthala Science City, Chappadchidi, Fort Gobindgarh, War Heritage Memorials etc. are important.
Golden temple (Faith and history)
The largest tourist destination of Punjab is Shri Amritsar Sahib. It was settled by the fourth Guru of the Sikhs, Sri Gururam Das Ji. Sri Harimandir Sahib is a Gurudwara in the campus. The Golden Temple is open round the clock. More than 70 thousand devotees come here every day. This temple is situated in the middle of the city of Amritsar. There are many ancient historical buildings and temples situated in the narrow streets that have centuries of history.
According to historical evidence, Shri Harimandir Sahib was destroyed many times in the attacks of Afghan and Amuslim invaders. But every time, the Sikhs made their sacrifice free and kept its holy work intact.
Shri Guru Arun Dev Ji, the fifth Guru of the Sikhs, laid the foundation of Sri Harimandir Sahib in December 1557 from Sai Mian Mir, a Muslim Sufi saint of Lahore. The map of this 400-year-old Guru Ghar was prepared by Guru Arjun Dev Ji himself.
Atari-Bagha is a Indo-Pak border post, about 30 km from Amritsar city. It is the only one of its kind in the world. Thousands of tourists from all over the world arrive here to watch the parade of BSF and Pak Rangers. The splendid and warm parade of restraining the Indo-Pak border monkey and landing the national flag in the evening every evening adds patriotism to the tourists.
Near the Golden Temple is the historic Jallianwala Bagh, where signs of the brutality of General Dyer still exist. Going there, one becomes reminded of the sacrifices of the martyrs. On 13 April 1919, the then Governor of Punjab, Kaikalodayar ordered General Dyer, under his own name, to fire at the people who were holding public meetings in Jallianwala Bagh. General Dyer surrounded the Jallianwala Bagh with 90 soldiers and ordered to fire. In this incident, 1300 people were killed. At that time, 1850 bullets were fired on Angron’s 1500 unarmed people. Hundreds of people visit the site daily to see this blood-fed site of freedom fighters.
By the way, this holy place of Sikhs is located in Pakistan. But to see this, hundreds of people arrive daily from Derababa Nanak located on the Indo-Pak board of Gurdaspur district. From here, Gurudwara in Pakistan departs for Kartarpur. In this Kartarpur, Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji spent the last 14 years of his life doing farming.
The founder of the Khalsa Panth, Shri Gurugovind Singh Ji, was brought from Sri Patna Sahib to Sri Anandpur Sahib in line with ‘Janam Guaran da Patna Sahib, Anandpur Dere Laaye’. Shri Anandpur Sahib not only has religious significance but is also a historical land. One of the five planks of Sikhs is here. In Anandpur Sahib itself, the Government of Punjab has constructed Virat-e-Khalsa. This place is about 40 km from Chandigarh.
It is a princely city of Punjab. Sultanpur is Lodhi in Kapurthala district itself. Gurudwara Sri Beri Sahib located here. It is said that Shri Guru Nanak Dev ji used to work in Modi food here.
It is said about the naming of the city of Kapurthala that it was named Kapurthala after the name of Nawab Kapoor Singh. Places of interest here are Panch Mandir, Shalimar Bagh, Jagatjit Mahal, Maurish Mosque etc. It is said that this mosque was built by Maharaja Jagatjit Singh. There is also a railcoat factory in Kapurthala itself.